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Aquatic invasive species

Criteria by type of participant

SHIP OWNERS

Performance indicator's objective:

Reduce the risk of introducing and propagating aquatic invasive organisms and pathogens associated with ballast water discharges and biofouling.

Applicability:

  • This indicator is only applicable for fleets that regularly manage ballast water.

2022 criteria - DOMESTIC SHIP OWNERS

Level 1

Monitoring of regulations

Level 2

Note: The US EPA VGP and USCG regulations contain operational measures 2.1 and 2.2 aimed at reducing the uptake and discharge of nonindigenous species. These measures should also be undertaken in Canadian waters.

2.1 Minimize or whenever possible avoid uptake of ballast water in the following conditions:

  • In shallow water;
  • In areas close to sewage outflows;
  • In areas with known epidemics or infestations;
  • In areas where dredging operations are underway;
  • In areas where tidal flushing is poor;
  • In areas identified by regulatory authorities.

2.2 Uptake only the minimum amount of ballast water required to safely depart the dock, and complete ballasting operations in deeper waters (while always ensuring the safety of the vessel).

2.3 Periodically inspect vessels’ hulls including niche areas, such as sea chests, propeller thrusters, keels, rudders, and dry dock support strips.

Note: Refer to 2011 IMO Biofouling Guidelines Sections 1.4, 7.2, 7.3, and 7.4. A copy can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

2.4 If needed, remove biofouling organisms from the hull, propellers, stern tube, sea chests, and other wetted portions of a vessel.

Note: Cleaning with capture is suggested if biofouling covers over 15% of the wetted surfaces. At 15% coverage, the vessel is considered extensively fouled. Diagrams to help estimate percent coverage can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

2.5 For each vessel, keep a record book on details of all inspections and biofouling management measures undertaken on the ship.

Note: A template of such a record book can be found in the members section of Green Marine’s website.

Domestic ship owners operating in the St. Lawrence and the Great Lakes:

2.6 If feasible and safe, conduct salt water ballast exchange during coastal trades prior to re-entering the lakes.

Note: Coastal trade is defined as “Movement of cargo and passengers between inland waterways and coastal ports, and within EEZ waters”.

Level 3

3.1 Maintain a Ballast Water Management plan and Biofouling Management plan for each vessel which includes all the best practices required to achieve Level 2.

Note: A Biofouling Management plan template can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

3.2 Support scientific research on ballast water or biofouling by providing access to ships for sampling by governmental and research groups or by participating on an expert working group.

Note: It is not necessary to actively participate in the research program in order to fulfill this criterion.

3.3 Complete and maintain an annual inventory to evaluate the amount of ballast water taken and discharged by the company's ships by origin/destination.

Note: See Annex 1-A.

OR as an alternative to 3.3 for vessels with a ballast water treatment system:

3.4 Produce an internal annual log showing any cases of ballast water treatment system malfunctioning. For such cases include root cause(s) and preventive action(s) taken.

Level 4

Fulfill one of the following 2 criteria:

4.1 Actively participate in research and development on reducing the risk of AIS introduction and spread associated with ballast water operations and discharges, for example – partner with an academic institution, technology developer, innovation accelerator, or government agency.

OR

4.2 Actively participate in research and development on reducing the risk of AIS via biofouling, for example - coatings, autonomous underwater cleaning, or underwater cleaning capture technologies.

Note: Active participation is defined as the provision of support by the company, whether through financial means, human resources or equipment and can include an experimental shipboard trial.

Level 5

5.1 Use a ballast water treatment system (BWTS) on one or several of the company's vessels. And, for each installed and in-use BWTS, adopt contingency measures, as per MEPC 71/WP.9 Annex 4.

AND fulfill one of the following 3 criteria:

5.2 For each installed BWTS, conduct a ballast water management system commissioning test for biological efficacy. Use the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) Circular 70 (BWM.2/Circ.70/Rev.1) as the basis for sampling and analysis. The document can be found in Members section of the Green Marine website.

OR

5.3 Purchase or install a compliance monitoring device and conduct annual self-monitoring of ballast water discharges for each installed BWTS.

OR

5.4 Submit data on the use of the BWMS to the shipowner’s flag State to contribute to the IMO Experience Building Phase.

2022 criteria - INTERNATIONAL SHIP OWNERS

Level 1

Monitoring of regulations

Level 2

Note: The US EPA VGP and USCG regulations contain operational measures 2.1 and 2.2 aimed at reducing the uptake and discharge of nonindigenous species. These measures should also be undertaken in Canadian and international waters.

2.1 Minimize or whenever possible avoid uptake of ballast water in the following conditions:

  • In shallow water;
  • In areas close to sewage outflows;
  • In areas with known epidemics or infestations;
  • In areas where dredging operations are underway;
  • In areas where tidal flushing is poor;
  • In areas identified by regulatory authorities.

Note: International ship owners should call on local agents to provide specific information and instructions in this matter.

2.2 Uptake only the minimum amount of ballast water required to safely depart the dock, and complete ballasting operations in deeper waters (while always ensuring the safety of the vessel).

2.3 Periodically perform in-water inspections of the vessel’s hulls including niche areas, such as: sea chests, propeller thrusters, keels, rudders, and dry dock support strips.

Note: Refer to 2011 IMO Biofouling Guidelines Sections 1.4, 7.2, 7.3, and 7.4. A copy can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

2.4 If needed, remove biofouling organisms from the hull, propellers, stern tube, sea chests, and other wetted portions of a vessel.

Note: Cleaning with capture is suggested if biofouling covers over 15% of the wetted surfaces. At 15% coverage, the vessel is considered extensively fouled. Diagrams to help estimate percent coverage can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

2.5 For each vessel, keep a record book on details of all inspections and biofouling management measures undertaken on the ship.

Note: A template of such a record book can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

Level 3

3.1 Maintain a Ballast Water Management plan and Biofouling Management plan for each vessel which includes all the best practices required to achieve Level 2.

Note: A Biofouling Management plan template can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

3.2 Support scientific research on ballast water or biofouling by providing access to ships for sampling by governmental and research groups or by participating on an expert working group.

Note: It is not necessary to actively participate in the research program in order to fulfill this criterion.

3.3 Produce an internal annual log showing any cases of ballast water treatment system malfunctioning. For such cases include root cause(s) and preventive action(s) taken.

For vessels with antifouling or fouling release coating:

3.4 Within dry-docking specifications, select coating with effective coating lifespan in line with the schedule for next dry-docking and anticipate operational wear, such as contact with lock walls or abrasive cleaning.

Note: The effective coating lifespan is determined by the manufacturer based on the vessel-specific application scheme (e.g., coating thickness); it is the age of an anti-fouling coating after which the coating is no longer expected to satisfactorily prevent or deter the attachment and growth of biofouling organisms.

Level 4

Fulfill one of the following 2 criteria:

4.1 Actively participate in research and development on reducing the risk of AIS introduction and spread associated with ballast water operations and discharges, for example – partner with an academic institution, technology developer, innovation accelerator, or government agency.

OR

4.2 Actively participate in research and development on reducing the risk of AIS via biofouling, for example - coatings, autonomous underwater cleaning, or underwater cleaning capture technologies.

Note: Active participation is defined as the provision of support by the company, whether through financial means, human resources or equipment and can include an experimental shipboard trial.

Level 5

5.1 For each installed and in-use ballast water treatment system (BWTS), adopt contingency measures, as per MEPC 71/WP.9 Annex 4.

AND fulfill one of the following 3 criteria:

5.2 For each installed BWTS, conduct a ballast water management system (BWMS) commissioning test for biological efficacy. Use the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) Circular 70 (BWM.2/Circ.70/Rev.1) as the basis for sampling and analysis. The document can be found in the Members section of the Green Marine website.

OR

5.3 Purchase or install a compliance monitoring device and conduct annual self-monitoring of ballast water discharges for each installed BWTS.

OR

5.4 Submit data on the use of the BWMS to the shipowner’s flag State to contribute to the IMO Experience Building Phase.

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