Prevent spills and leaks of pollutants and manage stormwater to minimize contamination into the environment (water and land).
The term ‘location’, as mentioned in levels 4 and 5 for criteria related to stormwater management, refers to any given delimitated area on the participant’s owned or leased property where stormwater can potentially be contaminated based on activities and operations and/or known data (as identified in the Water and Land Pollution Prevention Plan under criterion 3.2). A location could also be outside the participant’s owned or leased property in some specific cases (e.g. in the context of regional stormwater management compensation projects).
See below the criteria each port authority or Seaway corporation has to fulfill to achieve each level of performance.
Monitoring of regulations.
Implementation of at least 60% of the applicable criteria
2.1 Perform vehicle and machinery fueling, lubrication and maintenance in an adequately equipped designated area and/or at a minimum distance of 30 m (100 ft) from the water and at a minimum distance of 15 m (50 ft) from a tributary (e.g., catch basin, ditch, storm drains) unless the area is covered by or is part of a permitted and properly operating stormwater management system. If these requirements cannot be met, alternative pollution prevention measures must be taken (e.g., watertight lids, rubber rugs, retention pans).
2.2 In areas draining to surface water, use, inspect and ensure proper maintenance of secondary containment for stationary devices and equipment that can potentially leak, or which need to be resupplied periodically (e.g., generating sets, compressors).
Use a risk-based approach to determine the adequate volume of each secondary containment to contain anticipated spills or leaks. All employees using such devices and equipment must be aware of the procedure to follow (what to do, who to contact) in case of a spill or leak (e.g., proper signage visibly posted directly on devices and equipment, internal emergency number, annual employee training).
2.3 Implement inspection and maintenance procedures for all devices and equipment (e.g., tanks, generating sets, compressors, landscaping equipment) that could potentially leak liquid contaminants into the environment (e.g. drainage system, natural receiving environment).
2.4 Regularly inspect near shore water and property to identify any illicit discharge. If such a discharge is identified, immediately implement corrective measures to stop contamination from the source.
2.5 Check for visible sheen on, colour and odour of water collected in secondary containments and excavation pits or extracted from monitoring wells. If there is a doubt about its quality, the water must be sampled, analyzed for contaminants of concern and managed appropriately or treated prior to being discharged into the environment.
2.6 Have an emergency spill kit readily available near any facility or operation where a spill or leak is likely to occur. Ensure employees are trained to use these kits and to respond to accidental discharges. Spills or leaks must be cleaned-up immediately when noticed and contaminated material must be eliminated in an authorized site.
2.7 Implement good housekeeping practices to ensure surfaces near storm drains, dockside, or other pathways to water are clear of pollutants (e.g., solid wastes, grit, dust, paint or paint residues).
2.8 Prevent discharge of wash water that could contain oils, chemical products (e.g., detergents), or residues/suspended solids into the environment via treatment or containment for example.
3.1 Implement all applicable best practices of level 2.
3.2 Adopt a Water and Land Pollution Prevention plan that covers all sites that the participant operates on (for terminal operators, this plan must cover all terminals participating in the Green Marine program).
Note: See Annex 2-A.
3.3 Keep a record of all accidental discharges of pollutants into the environment that occur on the participant’s operated property. Notify tenants of their responsibility to keep records of accidental discharges of pollutants into the environment that occur on their leasehold and to report to the port authority any spill that must be reported by law.
3.4 New criterion, OPTIONAL for 2021 Use biodegradable, non-toxic and non-bioaccumulative lubricants for all owned portable, mobile (e.g., forklifts, mobile cranes) and fixed hydraulic equipment operated near the shore.
Note: Examples of such lubricants can be found in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s document entitled Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants.
Note: Acceptable exceptions to this measure include, for example, equipment leased or not that requires the use of a specific lubricant, equipment that would require significant modernization or if the life and operational safety of this equipment would be compromised with the use of such lubricants.
4.1 Implement a documented Preventive Inspection and Maintenance program for vehicles and equipment, containers and tanks, and any associated conveyance systems (e.g., conveyor, aboveground piping, transfer oses) used exclusively for the participant’s direct activities and which might release discharges into the environment (fuel, lubricants, etc.).
Note: See Annex 2-B.
Participants must also fulfill either criterion 4.2 OR all the following criteria (4.3 to 4.5)
4.2 Develop and adopt a Stormwater Management plan.
Note: See Annex 2-C.
In at least one of the participant’s locations where stormwater has a potential to be contaminated as defined in the note below the objective:
4.3 Collect and treat stormwater using an appropriate stormwater treatment system.
Note: Stormwater treatment must be adapted to the contaminants present (e.g. catch basins, bioswales, oil separators, hydrodynamic separators, or any other type of simple or complex treatment system).
4.4 Inspect and maintain stormwater treatment systems on a regular basis or according the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure good performance of the systems.
4.5 Sample and analyze treated stormwater routinely to ensure proper functioning of treatment equipment and infrastructure. Samples must be collected following a recognized/approved procedure and analyzed by an accredited laboratory.
5.1 Have secondary containment in place for all fixed and portable outdoor above ground storage tanks and containers (permanent and in transit) that are located within a distance of 30 m (100 ft) from the water and 15 m (50 ft) from any ditch, sewer system, underground stream, etc. This requirement applies to all hazardous products.
Note: Secondary containment includes any measure preventing a spill or a discharge from a primary storage tank or container from entering the environment. The chosen measure(s) and its/their capacity for secondary containment must be able to address a discharge resulting from the most typical failure mode. Acceptable measures include:
• Impervious dikes, berms or retaining walls;
• Drainage system;
• Weirs, booms, floating barriers;
• Spill diversion or retention ponds;
• Drip pans or retention pans;
• Sumps or collection systems;
• Double-walled tanks;
• Any other equipment, material and/or resources allowing to contain the spill or discharge.
5.2 Perform a spill response exercise on a regular basis (at least annually in case of a tabletop exercise, at least every two years for a simulated site-specific drill, including the post-mortem of a spill incident).
5.3 Develop and adopt a Storm Water Management plan.
Note: See Annex 2-C.
In the majority of the participant’s locations where stormwater has a potential to be contaminated as defined in the note below the objective:
5.4 Collect and treat stormwater via an appropriate stormwater treatment system.
Note: stormwater treatment must be adapted to the contaminants to be removed (e.g. catch basins, bioswales, oil separators, hydrodynamic separators, or any other type of simple to complex treatment system).
5.5 Inspect and maintain stormwater treatment systems on a regular basis and/or according the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure good performance of the systems.
5.6 Sample and analyze treated stormwater routinely to ensure proper functioning of treatment equipment and infrastructure. Samples must be collected following a recognized/approved procedure and analyzed by an accredited laboratory.