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Polluant air emissions SOX & PM

Criteria by type of participant

SHIP OWNERS

Performance indicator's objective:

To reduce pollutant air emissions of sulphur oxides and particulate matter.

2022 criteria

Level 1

Monitoring of regulations

Level 2

2.1 Implement a systematic control policy for documenting fuel (bunker notes).

Note: Bunker notes must be retained and annual consumption notes must be kept for each ship.

2.2 Use climatology and weather forecasting to take advantage of tidal currents and avoid storms. Plan voyages to reduce running hours and idling time.

2.3 Optimize trim for fuel efficiency when loading cargo and managing ballast, if carried.

2.4 Follow voluntary slow speed measure in specific zones, as identified by port or governmental authority.

2.5 Implement a preventive engine maintenance system to optimize performance.

2.6 Identify optimal engine speed or engine load for fuel efficiency. Inform crew and ensure awareness of this optimal ‘economic’ speed. Transit at this speed to the extent practicable.

2.7 Implement a replacement program for LED or other energy efficiency light upgrades.

Pilot Boats and Tugs Only:

2.8 Reduce idling with dispatch scheduling and/or providing tie-up locations where awaiting tow or escort.

Level 3

3.1 Complete an annual inventory of SOx and particulate matter (PM) emissions for all the company's ships.

Note: See Annexes 2-A, 2-B, and 2-D.

AND, fulfill one of the following 3 criteria:

International ship owners

3.2 The average sulphur content by mass of the total amount of fuel consumed annually by all of the company’s vessels is less than 0.45 %.

Note: Fuel sulphur limit is 0.1 % within an ECA and 0.5 % outside ECAs.

OR

Domestics subject to the Canadian Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals (VPDCR) regulations or to the US EPA ‘Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships’ (APPS) limiting fuel sulphur content to 0.1 % (equivalent to IMO MARPOL Annex VI – Emission Control Area (ECA))

3.3 The average sulphur content by mass of the total amount of fuel oil consumed annually by all of the company’s vessels is 0.01 % below permitted levels.

OR

Domestics subject to Canadian Sulphur in Diesel Fuel Regulations or US EPA regulations limiting fuel sulphur content to 0.0015% (ULSD) (e.g., harbour craft)

3.4 Plug one or more vessels into shore power at one or more docks.

Level 4

Fulfill one of the following 4 criteria:

International ship owners

4.1 The average sulphur content by mass of the total amount of fuel consumed annually by all of the company’s vessels is less than 0.35 %.

OR

Domestics subject to the Canadian Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals (VPDCR) regulations or to the US EPA ‘Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships’ (APPS) limiting fuel sulphur content to 0.1 % (equivalent to IMO MARPOL Annex VI – Emission Control Area (ECA))

4.2 The average sulphur content by mass of the total annual amount of fuel oil consumed annually by all of the company’s vessels is 0.03 % below permitted levels.

OR

Domestics subject to Canadian Sulphur in Diesel Fuel Regulations or US EPA regulations limiting fuel sulphur content to 0.0015 % (ULSD)

4.3 Plug majority of vessels into shore power at majority of docks.

OR

All ship owners

4.4 Use of equipment or alternative fuel allowing for the attainment of the same level of sulphur emissions as above.

AND (all ship owners), fulfill one of the following 2 criteria:

4.5 Sample PM emissions for one of the fleet's main engine types (slow-speed, medium-speed, high-speed, gas or steam turbine).

Note: Sampling must be repeated every five (5) years. The sampling test plan must be consistent within the fleet, comparable with prior tests, and a recognized methodology, such as ISO 8178 or 40 CFR 51 Appendix M and 40 CFR 60 Appendix A.

OR

4.6 Actively participate in research and development on reducing the impact of SOx and PM emissions, for example – improving inventory tools, developing hybrid or blended fuels, or conducting a pilot project on emission reduction technologies.

Note: Active participation is defined as the provision of support by the company, whether through financial means, human resources, or equipment, and can include an experimental shipboard trial.

Level 5

All ship owners, fulfill the following criterion:

5.1 On board one or more of the company's owned ships, compared to no treatment, achieve a 75 % or greater reduction of PM emissions per ship by (i) applying pre-treatment and on-engine measures, (ii) applying after-treatment measures, such as a diesel particulate filter (DPF), diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs), or other exhaust gas cleaning system (EGSC), or by (iii) burning LNG.

AND, fulfill one of the following 4 criteria:

International ship owners

5.2 The average sulphur content by mass of the total amount of fuel consumed annually by all of the company’s vessels is less than 0.25 %.

OR

Domestics subject to the Canadian Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals (VPDCR) regulations or to the US EPA ‘Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships’ (APPS) limiting fuel sulphur content to 0.1 % (equivalent to IMO MARPOL Annex VI – Emission Control Area (ECA))

5.3 The average sulphur content by mass of the total amount of fuel oil consumed annually by all of the company’s vessels is 0.05 % below permitted levels.

OR

Domestics subject to Canadian Sulphur in Diesel Fuel Regulations or US EPA regulations limiting fuel sulphur content to 0.0015 % (ULSD)

5.4 Plug all vessels into shore power at all docks.

OR

All ship owners

5.5 Use of equipment or alternative fuel allowing for the attainment of the same level of sulphur emissions as above.

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